Mary Queen of Scots 
- Born: 8 Dec 1542, Linlithgow Palace, West Lothian
- Christened: Kirk of St. Michael, Linlithgow, West Lothian
- Marriage (1): King Francis II of France  on 24 Apr 1558 in Notre Dame Cathedral, Paris, France
- Marriage (2): Lord Henry Stuart of Darnley  on 29 Jul 1565 in Chapel Royal, Palace of Holyroodhouse, Edinburgh
- Marriage (3): James HEPBURN 4th Earl of Bothwell 
- Died: 8 Feb 1587, Fotheringay, Northamptonshire, England aged 44
Crowned at Stirling Castle Ruled Scotland 1542-1567 Queen of Scots, famous for her beauty and wit, her crimes and her fate, was daughter of James V., King of Scotland, and succeeded her father in 1542, eight days after her birth. In the following year she was crowned by Archbishop Beatoun, and before she was six years old she was sent to the court of France. In 1558 she married Francis, then dauphin, and, in the next year, King of France. On his death in 1560 she returned to Scotland, where during her absence Knox had preached, and the Reformation had been established. She had an interview with Knox soon after her arrival. After rejecting several proposals of marriage, she married her cousin, Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley, in 1565. Being excluded from any share of the government by the advice (as he suspected) of Rizzio, an Italian musician, her favourite and secretary, the king, by the counsel and assistance of some of the principal nobility, suddenly surprised them together, and Rizzio was slain, in the queen's presence, in 1566. An apparent reconciliation afterwards took place, a new favourite of the queen appeared in the Earl of Bothwell, and in February 1567, Darnley, who had continued to reside separately from the queen, was assassinated, and the house he occupied, called the Kirk of Field, near Edinburgh, was blown up with gunpowder. This murder was very imperfectly investigated; and in the month of May following, Mary wedded the Earl of Bothwell, who was openly accused as the murderer of the late king.
Scotland soon became a scene of confusion and civil discord. Bothwell, a fugitive and an outlaw, took refuge in Denmark; and Mary, made a captive, was committed to custody in the castle of Loch Leven. After some months' confinement she effected her escape, and, assisted by the few friends who still remained attached to her, made an effort for the recovery of her power. She was opposed by the Earl of Murray, the natural son of James V., who had obtained the regency in the minority of her son. The battle of Langside insured the triumph of her enemies; and, to avoid falling again into their power, she fled to England, and sought the protection of Queen Elizabeth; a step which created a very serious embarrassment for Elizabeth and her ministers.
For eighteen years Mary was detained as a state prisoner; and, during the whole of that time, she was recognised as the head of the Popish party, who wished to see a princess of their faith on the throne of England. Mary, despairing of recovering that of Scotland, countenanced, if she was not directly concerned in, their plots. She was accordingly tried for a conspiracy against the life of the Queen of England, condemned, and suffered decapitation, Feb. 8, 1587, in the castle of Fotheringay, where she had been long confined. Her body was interred, with great pomp, in Peterborough Cathedral, but subsequently removed by her son, James I., to Henry the Seventh's Chapel, Westminster Abbey, where a magnificent monument was erected to her memory.
The character and conduct of Mary, Queen of Scots, have been made the subject of much controversy; the popular view, both in Scotland and England, making her the
unfortunate Mary', almost a suffering saint; sentimentally brooding over her calamities and refusing to admit her crimes and follies Mr Froude, who has told her story once more in the third volume of his 'History of the Reign of Queen Elizabeth,' has made this view no longer tenable. The verdict of Mr. Burton in his new
History of Scotland' (1867) is no less severe and decisive. Among other recent Memoirs of Mary may be named those of Mignet Lamartine, Miss Strickland, and A. M'Neel Caird. The celebrated Fraser Tytler Portrait of this queen has been purchased for the National Collection. A very fine portrait by Clouet is in the Royal Collection at Hampton Court
Noted events in her life were:
• Occupation: Queen.
Mary married King Francis II of France , son of King Henri of France  and Catherine DE MEDICI , on 24 Apr 1558 in Notre Dame Cathedral, Paris, France. (King Francis II of France  was born on 19 Jan 1544 and died on 5 Dec 1560 in Orleans, France.)
Mary next married Lord Henry Stuart of Darnley , son of Matthew Earl of Lennox  and Margaret DOUGLAS , on 29 Jul 1565 in Chapel Royal, Palace of Holyroodhouse, Edinburgh. (Lord Henry Stuart of Darnley  was born in 1546 and died on 10 Feb 1567.)
Mary next married James HEPBURN 4th Earl of Bothwell .